Cattle —colloquially cows [note 1] —are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates . They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae , are the most widespread species of the genus Bos , and are most commonly classified collectively as Bos taurus .

Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for meat ( beef and veal ), as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products , and as draft animals ( oxen or bullocks that pull carts , plows and other implements). Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel . In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning .

Around 10,500 years ago, cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in southeast Turkey. [1] According to an estimate from 2011, there are 1.4 billion cattle in the world. [2] In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a fully mapped genome . [3] Some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, and cattle raiding consequently one of the earliest forms of theft.

A Cow Called Boy by C. Everard Palmer

A Cow Called Boy | C. Everard Palmer | 2012

Posted by 2018 article