The Demidov family ( Russian : Деми́довы ) also Demidoff , was a prominent Russian noble family during the 18th and 19th centuries. Originating in the city of Tula in the 17th century, the Demidovs found success through metal products, and were entered into the European nobility by Peter the Great . Their descendants became among the most influential merchants and earliest industrialists in the Russian Empire, and at their peak were predicted to be the second-richest family in Russia, behind only the Russian Imperial Family . The Demidov family lost its fortune after the February Revolution of 1917 , but continues to exist under the rendering Demidoff.

Their progenitor , Demid Antufiev , was a free blacksmith from Tula , where their family necropolis is preserved as a museum. His son Nikita Demidov (March 26, 1656 – November 17, 1725) made his fortune by his skill in the manufacture of weapons, and established an iron foundry for the government. Peter the Great , with whom he was a favorite, ennobled him in 1720. [1] For two centuries, the Demidov plants produced a large portion of Russia's iron and steel. The Palace of Westminster was one of many notable buildings constructed of Demidov metal products.

Nikita's son, Akinfiy Demidov (1678–1745), increased his inherited wealth by the discovery and working of gold, silver and copper mines. [1] He also founded the Siberian town of Barnaul , whose central square still bears his name. He also commissioned the Leaning Tower of Nevyansk . His fortune was inherited by his eldest son Prokofi Demidov , whilst his younger son Nikita Akinfievitch Demidov (1724–1789) became an arts patron.

Demidov - Wikipedia

Anatole N. Demidoff, 1st Prince of San Donato (1813-1870)

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